Job market in agriculture and climate change : all professions targeted by master ACT address more or less directly the need of change in agricultural systems. Professionals either organise projects to adapt to changing climatic conditions or to reduce the impact of the activity on the release of greenhouse gas. Others contribute to carbon sequestration in biomass or in the soils.
A recent study by Ypard for ACT analysed the specifications the main offers on the job market. The results present a wide diversity of interventions and insist on the multifunctions of most of the competences that are needed. Not only the professionals tend to change jobs more rapidly in this sector than in any other domain linked with agricultural development, but in each position , the diversity of competences that are required is particularly high.
Look at a few of the profiles identified by Master ACT!
Hiring institutions are dominated by NGOs and consultancy companies, followed by research centers and international institutions. The management of research or development projects, often in the developing countries, either on the field or from the back office is the most represented, while advocacy ranks second, more represented in the NGO sector. Working on policies is less represented quantitatively, but still significant. Frequency of working in this last sector also increases with age and experience (the data below are related to the first job contracted).
Analysis of the demands from the employer shows that, whereas working on research and development in agriculture in a context of climate change is not a profession as such, being able to demonstrate a double competence is always an advantage:
- competences in agricultural development and competences in climate change;
- competences on the technical issues related to the cropping and animal rearing systems and competences on the socio-economic conditions of the innovation process;
- competences on the technical side and ability to communicate and work in international teams.
International experience during the studies, with mobility in education and a pre-professional experience in a third country such as as the ACT master thesis, systematically offers a comparative advantage.