A career in research requires the ACT graduate to continue with a PhD. All universities of the Master ACT consortium have doctoral schools that offer doctoral studies in one of the disciplines covered by master ACT:
- Climate and agricultural changes modeling:
Interactions between the climatic models, which are diverse, sometimes contradictory and the models of change in agriculture, which are needed at a higher scale (smaller region);
- Agronomy and agroecology:
Contribution of cropping and animal rearing systems to greenhouse gases emissions; Cropping systems development: research on technical modalities for higher carbon sequestration in biomass and in soils, while economically profitable and socially equitable;
- Biodiversity and ecology:
Impact of climate change on the cultivated biodiversity: use of traditional varieties, Indigenous knowledge on production-environment interactions.
Impact of irrigation and intensification on the environment. Alternative pathways.
- Soil management and C sequestration: impact on erosion and organic stocks below ground;
- Land use changes: landscape analysis.
Evaluation of carbon footprint and economic impact of land uses;
- Organization of value chains;
- Environmental services: assessment of multifunctionality.
Economic valuation of environmental services. Systems of payments for ES.
- Agricultural and environmental policies:
Impact of alternative policies on production and GHG release. Social and economic evaluation of environmental policies and environmental evaluation of agricultural policies. Trade-off
- Climate change negotiations and institutions. International agreements REDD+ implementation
Most of the “Climate change“ topics of research require an important level of pluridisciplinarity: agronomy and ecology, biological sciences and social sciences, political sciences and economics, etc… The master ACT thesis prepares to working in research in these domains by experimenting multidisciplinary research. The thesis is thus co-supervised by two of the Universities of the consortium, generally with complementary disciplinary angles.